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Early magnitude and potential damage zone estimates for the great Mw 9 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake

Colombelli, Simona ; Zollo, Aldo ; Festa, Gaetano ; Kanamori, Hiroo

Geophysical Research Letters, 28 November 2012, Vol.39(22), pp.n/a-n/a [Evalué par les pairs]

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  • Titre :
    Early magnitude and potential damage zone estimates for the great Mw 9 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake
  • Auteur : Colombelli, Simona ; Zollo, Aldo ; Festa, Gaetano ; Kanamori, Hiroo
  • Notes : The Mw 9.0, 2011 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake has re‐opened the discussion among the scientific community about the effectiveness of earthquake early warning for large events. A well‐known problem with real‐time procedures is the parameter saturation, which may lead to magnitude underestimation for large earthquakes. Here we measure the initial peak ground displacement and the predominant period by progressively expanding the time window and distance range, to provide consistent magnitude estimates (M = 8.4) and a rapid prediction of the potential damage area. This information would have been available 35 s after the first P‐wave detection and could have been refined in the successive 20 s using data from more distant stations. We show the suitability of the existing regression relationships between early warning parameters and magnitude, provided that an appropriate P‐wave time window is used for parameter estimation. We interpret the magnitude under‐estimation as a combined effect of high‐pass filtering and frequency dependence of the main radiating source during the rupture process. Evolutionary approach for the rapid magnitude estimation of a large event Implementation and application of our methodology for early warning Estimated magnitude corresponds to the first rupture moment release
  • Liens : Geophysical Research Letters, 28 November 2012, Vol.39(22), pp.n/a-n/a [Evalué par les pairs]
  • Sujets : Early Warning ; Peak Ground Velocity Prediction ; Real‐Time Magnitude Estimation
  • Type : Article
  • ISSN: 0094-8276 ; E-ISSN: 1944-8007 ; DOI: 10.1029/2012GL053923

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