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German Historians and Nazi Ideology. The Parameters of the Volksgemeinschaft and the Problem of Historical Legitimation, 1930-45

Lambert, Peter

European history quarterly, October 1995, Vol.25(4), pp.555-582 [Evalué par les pairs]

  • Titre :
    German Historians and Nazi Ideology. The Parameters of the Volksgemeinschaft and the Problem of Historical Legitimation, 1930-45
  • Auteur(s) : Lambert, Peter
  • Notes : Explores representations of a "Volksgemeinschaft, " an organic national community of the German people, by a number of leading professional historians before and during the Nazi period, mostly conservative (such as F. Meinecke, G. Ritter, B. Schwertfeger, F. Hartung, F. Thimme). Pp. 563-568 deal with their treatment of the "Jewish question" in Germany. The conservative historians resisted Nazi attempts at asserting the primacy of race in history. Their antisemitism (which was part of their worldview) was more moderate, and they objected to Nazi violence against the Jews. They admitted that the Jews constitute a serious social problem for Germany, but saw "peaceful" ways for its solution. As a rule, they even distinguished between "German national" Jews and alien and unassimilated ones; some of them were ready to support their Jewish colleagues. However, sharing Nazi antisemitic fears and sentiments, and failing to comprehend the regime's genocidal nature, they did not form any clear ideological opposition to the Nazi ideas.
  • Liens : European history quarterly, October 1995, Vol.25(4), pp.555-582 [Evalué par les pairs]
  • Sujets : History & Archaeology
  • Langue : Anglais
  • Type : Article
  • ISSN: 0265-6914 ; E-ISSN: 1461-7110 ; DOI: 10.1177/026569149502500403

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