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Eight Personal Characteristics Associated with the Power to Live with Disasters as Indicated by Survivors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster

Sugiura, Motoaki ; Sato, Shosuke ; Nouchi, Rui ; Honda, Akio ; Abe, Tsuneyuki ; Muramoto, Toshiaki ; Imamura, Fumihiko

PloS one, 2015, Vol.10(7), pp.e0130349 [Evalué par les pairs]

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  • Titre :
    Eight Personal Characteristics Associated with the Power to Live with Disasters as Indicated by Survivors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster
  • Auteur(s) : Sugiura, Motoaki ; Sato, Shosuke ; Nouchi, Rui ; Honda, Akio ; Abe, Tsuneyuki ; Muramoto, Toshiaki ; Imamura, Fumihiko
  • Notes : People perceive, judge, and behave differently in disasters and in a wide range of other difficult situations depending on their personal characteristics. The power to live, as captured by characteristics that are advantageous for survival in such situations, has thus far been modeled in arbitrary ways. Conceptualizing such characteristics in more objective ways may be helpful for systematic preparations for future disasters and life difficulties. Here, we attempted to identify the major factors of the power to live by summarizing the opinions of survivors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake disaster. We conducted personal interviews with 78 survivors about their survival experiences and elicited their opinions about the power to live as relevant to those experiences. We then incorporated these opinions into a questionnaire that was completed by 1400 survivors. Factor analysis identified eight factors related to the power to live: leadership, problem solving, altruism, stubbornness,...
  • Liens : PloS one, 2015, Vol.10(7), pp.e0130349 [Evalué par les pairs]
  • Sujets : Disasters ; Earthquakes ; Personality ; Survivors -- Psychology
  • Langue : Anglais
  • Type : Article
  • E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; PMID: 26132753 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130349

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